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Ngabe uyafuna ukwazi isimo sesikweletu somhlaba jikelele esithintwe yilo bhubhane? Ngabe ufuna ukwazi ngentuthuko entsha kwamanye amazwe? Bheka ngomusa izindaba ze-CFM namuhla.

1. Imiphumela yakamuva yokuqapha evela ku-Institute of International Finance ikhombisa ukuthi ngenxa yalolu bhubhane, isikweletu somhlaba wonke sikhuphuke ngama-US $ 24 trillion saba irekhodi lase-US $ 281 trillion ngo-2020. Ngasikhathi sinye, isilinganiso sesikweletu se-GDP emhlabeni jikelele ingaphezulu kwama-355%. Isikweletu sikahulumeni njengengxenye ye-GDP sikhuphuke safinyelela kuma-105% sisuka kuma-88% ngonyaka wezi-2019.

2. Izwe laseMelika liphinde lajoyina ngokusemthethweni iSivumelwano SaseParis mayelana nokuguquka kwesimo sezulu emhlabeni jikelele. UNobhala Wezwe wase-US u-Abraham Lincoln esitatimendeni uthe Isivumelwano SaseParis siwuhlaka lomhlaba wonke olungakaze lwenziwe. Ngemuva kokuthatha isifungo sokuba ngumengameli ngoJanuwari 20, uMongameli wase-US uJoe Biden umemezele izindlela eziningi zokuphatha, ezibandakanya ukubuyela kwe-United States Esivumelwaneni saseParis mayelana nokuguquka kwesimo sezulu kanye nokumiswa kokuhoxa kwi-World Health Organisation.

3. I-rover "yaseMelika" yaphikelela yafika ku-Mars, yaba yi-rover eyisihlanu eyimpumelelo yokufika kwe-NASA. Ngemuva kokufika, ukubekezela kubuyise isithombe sayo sokuqala sobuso beMartian, ngemuva kwalokho kuzoqoqa amasampula eMars bese izama ukuthola ubufakazi bokuba khona kwempilo.

Ngokuya kombiko omusha okhishwe ngomhla ka-19 ngabakwa-ONE Campaign, inhlangano engenzi nzuzo yamazwe omhlaba ezinikele ekubhekaneni nobuphofu nezifo ezingavikeleka, ngokusho kwedatha evela ezinkampanini zemithi ezinhlanu, iPfizer, Modena, AstraZeneca, Johnson kanye neNovax, kuze kube manje, I-United States, i-European Union, iBrithani, i-Australia, i-Canada kanye ne-Japan bathole imithamo engaphezu kwezigidigidi ezi-3 zomuthi wokugoma i-COVID-19, imithamo engaphezu kwezigidigidi ezi-1 engaphezu kwezigidigidi ezi-2.06 ezidingekayo ukuze bonke abantu bakula mazwe bathole imithamo emibili umuthi wokugoma. Inhlangano Yezempilo Yomhlaba (i-WHO) yanxusa la mazwe ukuthi ahlanganyele imigomo namazwe ampofu ukulwa nalolu bhubhane.

5. Izwe laseMelika liphinde lajoyina ngokusemthethweni iSivumelwano SaseParis mayelana nokuguquka kwesimo sezulu emhlabeni jikelele. UNobhala Wezwe wase-US u-Abraham Lincoln esitatimendeni uthe Isivumelwano SaseParis siwuhlaka lomhlaba wonke olungakaze lwenziwe. Ngemuva kokuthatha isifungo sokuba ngumengameli ngoJanuwari 20, uMongameli wase-US uJoe Biden umemezele izindlela eziningi zokuphatha, ezibandakanya ukubuyela kwe-United States Esivumelwaneni saseParis mayelana nokuguquka kwesimo sezulu kanye nokumiswa kokuhoxa kwi-World Health Organisation.

6. Abasebenzi abayisikhombisa besikhungo sokucubungula izinkukhu eningizimu yeRussia sebetheleleke ngegciwane lomkhuhlane wezinyoni, kubika abezindaba zeRussia iTASS ngoMsombuluko. Kungokokuqala ukuthi kutholakale icala lomuntu lomkhuhlane wezinyoni i-H5N8 eRussia, kanti iRussia ibike lesi simo kwi-World Health Organisation. Ochwepheshe bathi azikho izehlakalo zokudluliswa komuntu yi-H5N8 bird flu ezitholakala eRussia. Kodwa-ke, kungenzeka ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi umuntu adluliselwe kubantu ngemuva kokuguquka kwegciwane esikhathini esizayo.

7. [WTO] kwikota yesine yonyaka we-2020, inkomba yesimo sezulu yokuhwebelana komhlaba ngezimpahla ifike ku-103.9, isuka ku-100.7 kwikota yesithathu. Ngemuva kokwehla okuqinile kokuhwebelana kwezimpahla engxenyeni yokuqala yonyaka we-2020, ivolumu yokuhwebelana kwempahla emhlabeni jikelele ibuye yasuka emgodini kusukela kwikota yesithathu, iqhutshwa ukuthunyelwa okuphezulu okuvela e-Asia nokwenyuka kokungeniswa okuvela eNyakatho Melika naseYurophu. Kepha ukubuyela emuva kungenzeka kungasimami kwikota yokuqala ka-2021.

8. Kusukela ngoSepthemba 1, 2021, iThailand izokhokhisa intela engeza inani lamaphesenti ayi-7 ezinsizakalweni ze-elektroniki kubo bonke abahlinzeki bezinsizakalo zakwamanye amazwe abahlinzeka ngezinsizakalo eziku-inthanethi ngemali engenayo yonyaka engaphezu kwama-yuan angama-387000. Uhulumeni waseThailand ulindele ukuthi intela inyuse imali engenayo ngama-yuan ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-1.1 ngonyaka wentela ka-2021. 

E-United States, umuzwa wokuba khona kwezinkampani ezikhethekile zokuthola izinhloso uya ngokuya ngokuya ukhula. Ngenxa yokwanda komqedazwe we-COVID-19, inqubomgomo yokuphungula ezezimali emhlabeni jikelele iholele ekutheni inqwaba yemali igelezele ezinkampanini ezikhethekile zokuthola inzuzo. Kusukela ngo-2021, inani lokutholwa selisondele ku- $ 85 billion, okubalwa ngama-30% emakethe ephelele yokutholwa yase-US. Izinkampani ezithengisa izinhloso ezingaphezu kwezingu-300 zifuna izinkampani ezizitholele zona. Inani lezinkampani ezinjalo ezizofakwa kuhlu selifinyelele kuma-398. NgoJanuwari kuphela, izinkampani ezingama-91 seziphumele obala, zathola ingqikithi yemali ebalelwa ezigidini ezingama-25, kubalwa ama-60% we-IPO, futhi amaphrojekthi acishe abe yi-100 ahlelelwe ukusebenzisa i-IPO. 

Izwe laseMelika laseTexas ngesonto eledlule lafaka umthetho ovimbela okwesikhashana ukuthunyelwa kwegesi yemvelo, okwadala inkinga yamandla eMexico, encike kakhulu ekungenisweni kwegesi yemvelo evela e-US. Ezama ukuphendula, uMengameli waseVenezuela uMaduro uthe uhlela ukubiza uMengameli waseMexico uLopez waphakamisa nokuthi iVenezuela iqinisekise ukutholakala kwegesi yemvelo eMexico. Ngenxa yokujeziswa osekunesikhathi eside e-US, iVenezuela ayinazo izindawo zokuguqula igesi yemvelo ibe yigesi yemvelo encibilikisiwe, iReuters icaphune ochwepheshe bezamandla bethi. 

11. Ezinsukwini ezimbalwa ezedlule, amadolobha ayi-10 enyakatho-ntshonalanga nesifundazwe saseBrazil i-Akre ahlaselwe yizikhukhula, athinta kakhulu izimpilo zabantu ababalelwa ku-130000 kuhulumeni, futhi abantu abasele dengwane babekwe ezindaweni zokukhosela zesikhashana ezibekwe izikole, izindawo zokuvivinya umzimba nakwezinye izindawo. Njengamanje, ngenxa yokonakala komqedazwe we-COVID-19 esifundazweni, ukuqubuka komkhuhlane wodenga, ukuwa okuseduze kohlelo lokunakekelwa kwezempilo kanye nenani elikhulu lababaleki baseHaiti abangena eBrazil bevela emngceleni wombuso nePeru, i-Akre State ingene isimo esibucayi ngoFebhuwari 16.

12. NgoFebhuwari 21, isikhathi sendawo, ababhikishi abangaphezu kuka-100000 babuthana esifundazweni esisenyakatho neNdiya sasePunjab bebhikishela umthethosivivinywa omusha kahulumeni wezolimo. Amaphoyisa endawo alinganisele ukuthi umhlangano wokugcina wababhikishi wawuphakathi kwabantu abayi-120000 kuya kwabangu-130000. Abakhombisi bafuna uMnu. Modi achithe izikweletu eziningana zokulungiswa kwezolimo ezethulwe ngoSepthemba odlule, abalimi ababecabanga ukuthi zingalimaza izintshisekelo zabo futhi zizuzise izinkampani ezinkulu ezithile. Inyunyana yabalimi ifunge yagomela ukuthi izoqhubeka nokubhikisha kuze kuhoxiswe umthetho.

Ngo-2020, ubhadane lwe-COVID-19 lwenyusa isikweletu somhlaba wonke ngama-US $ 24 trillion, futhi isikweletu esiphelele somhlaba wonke safinyelela kwirekhodi elingu-US $ 281 trillion, elibala u-355% womkhiqizo womhlaba wonke omningi (GDP), ukwanda ngo-35% uma kuqhathaniswa nalo 2019. Lesi silinganiso sokukhula naso siphezulu kunango-2008, ngenkathi kwenzeka inkinga ye-subprime.

14. Unobhala Wezezimali wase-US u-Yellen: I-Bitcoin ivame ukusetshenziselwa imali engekho emthethweni. Ukusetshenziswa kwayo akusebenzi. I-Bitcoin iqagela kakhulu. Abatshalizimali kufanele baqaphele. Imali yedijithali ingaholela ekukhokhweni okusheshayo nokushibhile, kepha kunezinto eziningi okudingeka zifundwe, kufaka phakathi ukuvikelwa kwabathengi nokukhishwa kwemali ngokungemthetho.

15. IBill Gates: ukuvinjelwa kwabezindaba zenhlalo kungaholela ekuhlukaneni okuningi e-United States. Asifuni ukuhlukanisa amanethiwekhi omphakathi abe ngamaqembu amabili, sifuna ukuba nesisekelo esifanayo futhi sibonisane ngemibono ngaleyo ndlela.


Isikhathi Iposi: Feb-23-2021

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